A musical instrument consisting of two or three playing pipes and one for filling the fur with air, as well as having an air reservoir, which is made from the skin of animals, mainly from calf or goat skin. A tube with side holes serves to play the melody, and the other two to play polyphonic sounds.
The Progress of Bagpipe
The history of the bagpipe goes back centuries, its prototype was known in ancient India. This musical instrument has many varieties that are found in most countries of the world. There is evidence that during the time of paganism, the Slavs widely used this tool, it was especially popular among the military. Warriors of Russia used this tool to enter a combat trance. The best bagpipe reeds were there.
From the Middle Ages to this day, the bagpipe has occupied a worthy place among the popular instruments of England, Ireland, and Scotland. Where the bagpipe was invented and by whom specifically, modern history is unknown. Until now, scientific debates on this topic are underway. In Ireland, the first information about bagpipes dates from the X century.
Over time, references to the bagpipe gradually disappear from literature and sculpture, moving closer to the northern territories. That is, there arises not only the movement of the instrument itself territorially, but also by class. In Rome itself, the bagpipe will be forgotten for several centuries, but then it will be reborn again in the 9th century, which will be reflected in the literary works of that time. There are several suggestions that the birthplace of the bagpipe is Asia, from which its distribution throughout the world began. The use of the best bagpipe case is important here.
But this remains only an assumption, because there is no direct or indirect evidence of this. Also, playing the bagpipe was a priority among the peoples of India and Africa, and in mass form among the lower castes, which is relevant to this day. In the 14th century Europe, many paintings and sculptures capture images reflecting the actual use of the bagpipe and its various options. And during wars, for example in England, the bagpipe was generally recognized as a type of weapon, since it served to raise morale for soldiers.